What Does it Mean to be "Clutch"?

What does it mean to be "clutch"? Many people use the term "clutch" to describe certain athletes, but I'm not sure these people know exactly what it means. Most people think of the idea of being clutch as it relates to plays such as buzzer beating shots in basketball and last second field goals in football. According to many people, if athletes make these plays, they are clutch. If they don't, they are not clutch. However, it is not this simple. The concept of "clutchness" is more complex. To understand it, you first need to define what it is.

I define "clutchness" as the ablity to play with peak performance during pressure situations. Peak performance is the ability to play up to your potential. It is being in "the zone". It is playing with maximum effort, concentration, relaxation, confidence, and intelligence. It is playing the best that you are capable of playing given your physical limitations. Once you understand these terms, it is easier to judge whether someone is clutch or not. So if you are able to to play the best that you're capable of playing despite there being intense pressure, then you are clutch. If you often let pressure get to you and you "choke," then you are not as clutch.

Here is a realistic example to help you understand clutchness. Imagine a basketball player that is capable of making 90% of his free throws when he is at peak performance. Now imagine that this player is at the free throw line with his team down 2 points with 1 second left in the game. There is a lot of pressure in this situation. If he doesn't let the pressure get to him and is able to maintain peak performance by staying calm, relaxed, confident, and focused, he will most likely make both free throws. This is clutch.

If he doesn't make both free throws, this does not necessarily mean he's not clutch. Inside his mind, he could have been calm, confident, and focused, but he could still have missed the free throws. This is because he is not a perfect free throw shooter. He only has the natural talent and prior training to make 90% of his free throws. Even if he is playing with peak performance, he will still miss 10% of his free throws due to lack of skill or unluckiness. Therefore not every "choke" is a choke. From the outside, it may look like a choke, but the error (missed free throw) may have been caused by something besides nervousness. Choking only refers to errors caused by nervousness. If you make an error due to lack of skill or unluckiness, then it is not a choke.

 A clutch player does not make every buzzer beating shot. This is impossible. A clutch player shoots at the same field-goal percentage during pressure situations as he does during situations where there is less pressure. If a clutch player shoots 50% from 3 point range normally, then he will make about half of his 3 point buzzer beating attempts and miss about half of his attempts. You need a large sample size to determine whether a player is actually clutch or not.

On the other hand, a "clutch shot" isn't always clutch. It may just have been lucky. A basketball player could be extremely nervous, with many negative thoughts going on inside his head and his body shaking, but he still might make a buzzer beater due to luck. Is this player really more clutch than a player that stays calm/confident/focused but misses due to unluckiness? This is why I don't like to define clutchness by only results. I like to define it as a process instead.

Side note: there are many situations that require clutchess besides just last second shots. Being clutch refers to playing well through pressure, and there's many pressure situations besides the last 10 seconds of a game. An entire game (championship) can be filled with pressure. The first few minutes of a game can have pressure (getting the jitters out). Having your crush watch your game can increase pressure. A clutch player can deal with all these situations. 

Really, any game has pressure, because games have something on the line. There are consequences and these consequences make people nervous. It is during practice that pressure is minimized. During practice, there is less at stake. If you make a mistake, there are less consequences, therefore there is less reason to be nervous. This is why athletes often play their best at practice. So just being able to perform around the same level in games as you do in practice makes you a clutch player.

Since their are different levels of pressure, there are different levels of clutchness. It is not either-or. It is a spectrum. You can be very clutch, capable of dealing with lots of pressure. You can be a little bit clutch, capable of dealing with some pressure but not a lot. Lastly, there are many ways in which you can improve to become more clutch. You can read about all of these ways by clicking here.

I believe having a proper understanding of concepts such as clutchness, peak performance, and choking makes you a better athlete. I hope this has helped you gain a better understanding of the idea of being clutch. If you have any questions, you can comment below.